The Knights Templar

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Knights Templar – KT

Three historic and very powerful figures of the medieval world and known ancestors of the Booth family were also members of the order of Templars , known as the Knights Templars.   FulkV -King of Jerusalem, William De Ferriers 3rd Earl of Derby and  the greatest of all noble Knights William Marshall, in his time simply known as the Marshall.

The Poor Fellow-Soldiers of Christ and of the Temple of Solomon , commonly known as the Knights Templar, the Order of the Temple (French: Ordre du Temple or Templiers) or simply as Templars, were among the most wealthy and powerful of the Western Christian military orders and were among the most prominent actors of the Christian finance. The organization existed for nearly two centuries during the Middle Ages.

Officially endorsed by the Catholic Church around 1129, the Order became a favoured charity throughout Christendom and grew rapidly in membership and power. Templar knights, in their distinctive white mantles with a red cross, were among the most skilled fighting units of the Crusades. Non-combatant members of the Order managed a large economic infrastructure throughout Christendom, innovating financial techniques that became an early form of banking, and building fortifications across Europe and the Holy Land.

The Templars’ existence was tied closely to the Crusades when the Holy Land was lost, support for the Order faded. Rumours about the Templars’ secret initiation ceremony created mistrust and King Philip IV of France, deeply in debt to the Order, took advantage of the situation. In 1307, many of the Order’s members in France were arrested, tortured into giving false confessions, and then burned at the stake.

File:Templars on Stake.jpg

Under pressure from King Philip, Pope Clement V disbanded the Order in 1312. The abrupt disappearance of a major part of the European infrastructure gave rise to speculation and legends, which have kept the “Templar” name alive into the modern day.

Fulk V – King of Jerusalem, Count of Anjou . KT

( 28th Great Grandfather of Carolyn Booth – on de Montfort to Plantagenet Line)

Coronation Fulk of Jerusalem

Coronation Fulk of Jerusalem

William de Ferrers, 3rd Earl of Derby . KT

William De Ferrers –  ( b.1140 – d 1190)  3rd Earl of Derby. KT.  Knights Templar

25th Great grandfather of Carolyn Booth                                                                                (De Montfort;De Vernon;De Vesci; line of descent)

William I de Ferrers, 3rd Earl of Derby (died 1190) was a 12th-century English Earl who resided in Tutbury Castle in Staffordshire and was head of a family which controlled a large part of Derbyshire known as Duffield Frith. He was also a Knight Templar.

William was the son of Robert de Ferrers, 2nd Earl of Derby and his wife, Margaret Peverel. He succeeded his father as Earl of Derby in 1162. He was married to Sybil, the daughter of William de Braose, 3rd Lord of Bramber and Bertha of Hereford.

William de Ferrers was one of the earls who joined the rebellion against King Henry II of England led by Henry’s eldest son, Henry the Younger, in the Revolt of 1173–1174, sacking the town of Nottingham. Robert de Ferrers II, his father, had supported Stephen of England and, although Henry II had accepted him at court, he had denied the title of earl of Derby to him and his son. In addition, William had a grudge against Henry because he believed he should have inherited the lands of Peveril Castle through his mother. These, King Henry had previously confiscated in 1155 when William Peverel fell into disfavour.

With the failure of the revolt, de Ferrers was taken prisoner by King Henry, at Northampton on the 31 July 1174, along with the King of Scots and the earls of Chester and Lincoln, along with a number of his Derbyshire underlings and was held at Caen. He was deprived of his castles at Tutbury and Duffield and both were put out of commission (and possibly Pilsbury.) In addition to defray the costs of the war Henry levied a so-called “Forest Fine” of 200 marks.

He seems to have afterwards regained the confidence of Henry II., and he showed his fidelity to the next Sovereign, (King Richard I.), by accompanying him in his expedition to the Holy Land, and joined the Third Crusade and died at the Siege of Acre in 1190.

He was succeeded by his son William de Ferrers, 4th Earl of Derby.

William Marshall – The Greatest Knight . KT

 25th Great Grandfather of Carolyn Booth                                                                                (De Montfort;De Vernon;De Vesci; line of descent)

Knight Templar William Mareschal,Earl of Pembroke

Knight Templar William Mareschal,Earl of Pembroke

William Marshal,  Earl of Pembroke, born 1146,

Married 1189 to Isabel de Clare, Countess Strigoil (born c.1174, descendant of Charlemagne and of Edward the Elder)

her family’s title re-created for him 1189,

rebuilt Pembroke Castle, Wales, 1189,

rebuilt Kilkenny Castle 1192,

rebuilt Chepstow Castle, Wales, c.1200,

founded New Ross, Co.Wexford,

founded Tintern Abbey, Co.Wexford, c.1200 (later seat of Colclough),

built Carlow Castle 1208 (ruin survives off Castle Hill, W end of Carlow town centre),

rebuilt Usk Castle, Usk, Wales, c.1212-19,

through his wife inherited Dunamase, Co.Laois,

first mention of Dunamase Castle is 1215, when John ordered Geoffrey Lutterel to hand it over to Marshal,

appears in King John by Shakespeare,

Governor of England 1216-9 (in minority of Henry III),

died 1219, age 73 yrs,

bur Temple Church, London (see map and images),

William Marshall Effigy Temple Church

William Marshall Effigy Temple Church

see biography,

Isabel died 1220, age c.46 yrs, bur St. Mary’s, New Ross, Co.Wexford,

had issue:

Maud Marshal,

mar 1stly to Hugh Bigod and had issue:

Isabel de Bigod,

mar 1stly to Gilbert de Lacy and had issue,

mar 2ndly to John FitzGeoffrey and had issue.

mar 2ndly to William de Warenne and had issue.

William Marshal, 2nd Earl of Pembroke, died 1231.

Richard Marshal, 3rd Earl of Pembroke, died 1234.

Gilbert Marshal, 4th Earl of Pembroke, died 1241.

Isabella Marshal, born 1200, mar Gilbert de Clare, 1st Earl of Gloucester and had issue.

Sibyl Marshal, mar William de Ferrers, Earl of Derby and had issue.

Eva Marshal, mar William de Braose, Lord of Abergavenny and had issue.

Joan Marshal, had issue:

Joan, Countess of Pembroke,

mar William de Valence, 1st Earl of Pembroke [her family’s title re-created for him] and had issue.

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